General John A. Logan Monument, 1894-97

Bronze equestrian figure, 15 feet 11 inches
(4.85 m) high without pedestal, photograph courtesy of Chicago Historic Society

John A. Logan (1826-1886) was a Union general and a United States senator from Illinois. As a young man, he served in the Mexican War and studied law in Illinois. During the Civil War, he led the 31st Illinois Regiment. He organized the veterans’ organization Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), and conceived the celebration of Memorial Day, inaugurated on May 30, 1868.

The monument, commissioned by the legislature of Illinois, was unveiled in Chicago’s Grant Park on July 22, 1897. The siting and design of the pedestal were done by the architectural firm of McKim, Mead and White, assisted by the Chicago architect Daniel H. Burnham. A. Phimister Proctor, Annetta Johnson (who later became Mrs. Louis St. Gaudens), and Mary Lawrence Tonetti assisted in modeling.

 Monument detail, archival photo