Pencil drawing, 8 7/8 x 7 1/8 inches
(22.54 x 18.10 cm.), archival photograph
collection of SGNHS

Bernard Paul Ernest Saint-Gaudens, 1867

Bernard Saint-Gaudens was born June 26, 1816, in Aspet, a village in the Pyrenees of southern France. A shoemaker, he immigrated to Dublin, Ireland, where he was employed in a shoe factory. Here he met and married Mary McGuiness in 1841. In 1848, he immigrated to New York City with his wife and six-month-old son, Augustus. He found an eager market for his "French ladies boots and shoes" and developed a supposedly therapeutic last for his shoes. His customers included the Morgan, Dix, and Astor families. Bernard died in New York City in 1893.